Virology doc.RNDr. Daniel RŮŽEK, Ph.D.
- Structural and molecular virology
- Testing of antivirotics and vaccines in in vitro and in vivo infection models
The group for Viral Diseases of Cattle is headed by MVDr. Kamil Kovarcik, Ph.D. who participated during the 2002-2004 period in developing and testing of a method for eradication of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR) from cattle herds, using marker vaccines. The results of this research have been conveyed to cattle breeders’ associations and their joint Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare. Based on this, the National IBR Control Programme was approved in 2005 by the Czech Ministry of Agriculture and the State Veterinary Administration of the Czech Republic in collaboration with the Chamber of Veterinary Surgeons of the Czech Republic and instigated in the Czech Republic on all farms that had not been certified IBR-free by 31 December 2005. Dr. Kovarcik and other VRI researchers contributed to information and promotion of this programme by organizing seminars and advisory services to farmers. Another health control programme has been put into effect by Dr. Kovarcik and his team in order to control BVD (bovine viral diarrhoea) in cattle herds. By delivering lectures and direct advisory services in agricultural enterprises, a change in the approach to this infection control has been achieved, i.e. not using simply a vaccination programme as the only treatment, which has not been substantiated. Up to now, BVD has been eradicated from the majority of Czech cattle herds, i.e. from approximately 170 herds (220 000 animals). This brings annual gain of CZK 260 million to farmers. In the following period, the team will make considerable efforts to introduce a paratuberculosis control programme to cattle herds. A publicity campaign has been launched to change the approach of breeders and supervisory authorities to the infection. The developed strategy for control of bovine paratuberculosis has recently been conveyed to the Scientific Committee on Animal Health and Animal Welfare of cattle breeders’ associations. The next step was the initiation of primary screening of herds in collaboration with the Czech-Moravian Breeders Association, a.s., carried on milk samples collected for performance recording. As a result, advisory services will be offered to breeders whose herds are infected with paratuberculosis with the aim to design an effective strategy for paratuberculosis control based on the aforementioned method. The investigation of paratuberculosis infections is carried out by Dr. Kovarcik in collaboration with the teams led by Dr. Kralik and Dr. Slana at the VRI Department of Food and Feed Safety. These researchers have long been engaged in solving problems connected with paratuberculosis and other mycobacterial infections.
The group of Viral Diseases of Pigs is headed by RNDr. Jana Prodelalova, Ph.D. and is focuses on the issues of infectious diarrhoea and respiratory diseases and the possible risk of transmission of porcine diarrhoeal diseases from pigs to humans.
The group for Emerging Viral Diseases is headed by Assoc. Prof. RNDr. Daniel Růžek, Ph.D. The mission of this group is basic research in the area of epidemiology and pathogenesis of significant viral zoonoses, especially tick-borne encephalitis, Hantavirus infections and rabies. They also deal with exotic and highly contagious viral diseases of animals and humans. They implement national and international projects and cooperate with the world's leading virologists.
The National Reference Laboratory for Viral Diseases of Fish is headed by Ing. Tomas Vesely, CSc. is predominantly investigating the diseases which are on the list of notifiable diseases and pose a risk to the production of fish and successful marketing. The mission of the group Emerging Viral Diseases is basic research in the area of epidemiology and pathogenesis of significant viral zoonoses, especially tick-borne encephalitis, Hantavirus infections and rabies. They also deal with exotic and highly contagious viral diseases of animals and humans, viral diseases of cattle,viral diseases of pigs.
The department includes a laboratory and an experimental animal house with a high degree of biological security (BSL-3 +).
The staff of the department participates in the teaching and guidance of pre- and postgraduate students from:
Faculty of Science, Masaryk University in Brno
Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Faculty of Science, Palacky University in Olomouc
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences in Brno